📢 SimpleXMQ v1 is released - with many security, privacy and efficiency improvements, new functionality - see release notes.
Please note: v1 is not backwards compatible, but it has the version negotiation built into all protocol layers for forwards compatibility of this version and backwards compatibility of the future versions, that will be backwards compatible for at least two versions back.
If you have a server deployed please deploy a new server to a new host and retire the previous version once it is no longer used.
Message broker for unidirectional (simplex) queues
SimpleXMQ is a message broker for managing message queues and sending messages over public network. It consists of SMP server, SMP client library and SMP agent that implement SMP protocol for client-server communication and SMP agent protocol to manage duplex connections via simplex queues on multiple SMP servers.
SMP protocol is inspired by Redis serialization protocol, but it is much simpler - it currently has only 10 client commands and 8 server responses.
SimpleXMQ is implemented in Haskell - it benefits from robust software transactional memory (STM) and concurrency primitives that Haskell provides.
- SimpleX service protocol and application template - to enable users building services and chat bots that work over SimpleX protocol stack. The first such service will be a notification service for a mobile app.
- SMP queue redundancy and rotation in SMP agent connections.
- SMP agents synchronization to share connections and messages between multiple agents (it would allow using multiple devices for simplex-chat).
SMP server can be run on any Linux distribution, including low power/low memory devices. OpenSSL library is required for initialization.
To initialize the server use
smp-server init -n <fqdn> (or
smp-server init --ip <ip> for IP based address) command - it will generate keys and certificates for TLS transport. The fingerprint of offline certificate is used as part of the server address to protect client/server connection against man-in-the-middle attacks:
SMP server uses in-memory persistence with an optional append-only log of created queues that allows to re-start the server without losing the connections. This log is compacted on every server restart, permanently removing suspended and removed queues.
To enable store log, initialize server using
smp-server -l command, or modify
smp-server.ini created during initialization (uncomment
enable: on option in the store log section). Use
smp-server --help for other usage tips.
Starting from version 2.3.0, when store log is enabled, the server would also enable saving undelivered messages on exit and restoring them on start. This can be disabled via a separate setting
smp-server.ini file. Saving messages would only work if the server is stopped with SIGINT signal (keyboard interrupt), if it is stopped with SIGTERM signal the messages would not be saved.
Please note: On initialization SMP server creates a chain of two certificates: a self-signed CA certificate ("offline") and a server certificate used for TLS handshake ("online"). You should store CA certificate private key securely and delete it from the server. If server TLS credential is compromised this key can be used to sign a new one, keeping the same server identity and established connections. CA private key location by default is
SMP server implements SMP protocol.
Running SMP server on MacOS
SMP server requires OpenSSL library for initialization. On MacOS OpenSSL library may be replaced with LibreSSL, which doesn't support required algorithms. Before initializing SMP server verify you have OpenSSL installed:
If it says "LibreSSL", please install original OpenSSL:
brew install openssl
echo 'PATH="/opt/homebrew/opt/openssl@3/bin:$PATH"' >> ~/.zprofile # or follow whatever instructions brew suggests
. ~/.zprofile # or restart your terminal to start a new session
openssl version should be saying "OpenSSL". You can now run
smp-server init to initialize your SMP server.
SMP client library
SMP client is a Haskell library to connect to SMP servers that allows to:
- execute commands with a functional API.
- receive messages and other notifications via STM queue.
- automatically send keep-alive commands.
SMP agent library can be used to run SMP agent as part of another application and to communicate with the agent via STM queues, without serializing and parsing commands and responses.
Haskell type ACommand represents SMP agent protocol to communicate via STM queues.
See simplex-chat terminal UI for the example of integrating SMP agent into another application.
SMP agent executable can be used to run a standalone SMP agent process that implements plaintext SMP agent protocol via TCP port 5224, so it can be used via telnet. It can be deployed in private networks to share access to the connections between multiple applications and services.
Using SMP server and SMP agent
You can either run your own SMP server locally or deploy using Linode StackScript, or try local SMP agent with the deployed servers:
It's the easiest to try SMP agent via a prototype simplex-chat terminal UI.
Deploy SMP server on Linux
You can run your SMP server as a Linux process, optionally using a service manager for booting and restarts.
For Ubuntu you can download a binary from the latest release.
If you're using other Linux distribution and the binary is incompatible with it, you can build from source using Haskell stack:
curl -sSL https://get.haskellstack.org/ | sh ... stack install
Initialize SMP server with
smp-server init [-l] -n <fqdn>or
smp-server init [-l] --ip <ip>- depending on how you initialize it, either FQDN or IP will be used for server's address.
smp-server startto start SMP server, or you can configure a service manager to run it as a service.
See this section for more information. Run
smp-server -h and
smp-server init -h for explanation of commands and options.
Deploy SMP server with Docker
SMP server could also be deployed using
Deploy SMP server on Linode
* You can use free credit Linode offers when creating a new account to deploy an SMP server.
Deployment on Linode is performed via StackScripts, which serve as recipes for Linode instances, also called Linodes. To deploy SMP server on Linode:
- Create a Linode account or login with an already existing one.
- Open SMP server StackScript and click "Deploy New Linode".
- You can optionally configure the following parameters:
- SMP Server store log flag for queue persistence on server restart, recommended.
- Linode API token to attach server address etc. as tags to Linode and to add A record to your 2nd level domain (e.g.
example.comdomain should be created in your account prior to deployment). The API token access scopes:
- read/write for "linodes"
- read/write for "domains"
- Domain name to use instead of Linode IP address, e.g.
- Choose the region and plan, Shared CPU Nanode with 1Gb is sufficient.
- Provide ssh key to be able to connect to your Linode via ssh. If you haven't provided a Linode API token this step is required to login to your Linode and get the server's fingerprint either from the welcome message or from the file
/etc/opt/simplex/fingerprintafter server starts. See Linode's guide on ssh .
- Deploy your Linode. After it starts wait for SMP server to start and for tags to appear (if a Linode API token was provided). It may take up to 5 minutes depending on the connection speed on the Linode. Connecting Linode IP address to provided domain name may take some additional time.
fingerprinteither from Linode tags (click on a tag and copy it's value from the browser search panel) or via ssh.
- Great, your own SMP server is ready! If you provided FQDN use
smp://<fingerprint>@<fqdn>as SMP server address in the client, otherwise use
Please submit an issue if any problems occur.
Deploy SMP server on DigitalOcean
🚧 DigitalOcean snapshot is currently not up to date, it will soon be updated 🏗️
* When creating a DigitalOcean account you can use this link to get free credit. (You would still be required either to provide your credit card details or make a confirmation pre-payment with PayPal)
To deploy SMP server use SimpleX Server 1-click app from DigitalOcean marketplace:
- Create a DigitalOcean account or login with an already existing one.
- Click 'Create SimpleX server Droplet' button.
- Choose the region and plan according to your requirements (Basic plan should be sufficient).
- Finalize Droplet creation.
- Open "Console" on your Droplet management page to get SMP server fingerprint - either from the welcome message or from
/etc/opt/simplex/fingerprint. Alternatively you can manually SSH to created Droplet, see DigitalOcean instruction.
- Great, your own SMP server is ready! Use
smp://<fingerprint>@<ip_address>as SMP server address in the client.
Please submit an issue if any problems occur.
Please note: SMP server uses server address as a Common Name for server certificate generated during initialization. If you would like your server address to be FQDN instead of IP address, you can log in to your Droplet and run the commands below to re-initialize the server. Alternatively you can use Linode StackScript which allows this parameterization.
smp-server init [-l] -n <fqdn>